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  • dental-chart

    Scaling, Professional cleaning

    flag UK Tooth scaling involves the mechanical use of a dental instrument that scrapes away bacterial plaque and calculus from the tooth. Sometimes this device may be electric, known as an ultrasonic or sonic scaler. Scaling is performed on the part of the tooth that is exposed, the crown of the tooth, as well as the portion that is normally covered by, but not attached to, the gum. Scaling the tooth surface that is in this gum pocket is an effective treatment for early periodontal disease.

  • Restoration of Teeth, Caries, Filling

    flag UK Destroyed tooth structure does not fully regenerate, although remineralization of very small carious lesions may occur if dental hygiene is kept at optimal level.
    For the small lesions, topical fluoride is sometimes used to encourage remineralization. For larger lesions, the progression of dental caries can be stopped by treatment.
    The goal of treatment is to preserve tooth structures and prevent further destruction of the tooth.
    Generally, early treatment is less painful and less expensive than treatment of extensive decay.
    A dental handpiece ("drill") is used to remove large portions of decayed material from a tooth. A spoon is a dental instrument used to remove decay carefully and is sometimes employed when the decay in dentin reaches near the pulp.
    Once the decay is removed, the missing tooth structure requires a dental restoration of some sort to return the tooth to functionality and aesthetic condition.

    Restorative materials include composite resin, porcelain, gold (seldom nowadays) and in former times dental amalgam (not more used and allowed in several counties).
    Composite resin and porcelain can be made to match the color of a patient's natural teeth and are thus used more frequently when esthetics are a concern.
    Composite restorations are not as strong as dental amalgam and gold; some dentists consider the latter as the only advisable restoration for posterior areas where chewing forces are great. When the decay is too extensive, there may not be enough tooth structure remaining to allow a restorative material to be placed within the tooth. Thus, a crown may be needed. This restoration appears similar to a cap and is fitted over the reminder of the natural crown of the tooth. Crowns are often made of gold, porcelain, or porcelain fused to metal. A tooth with extensive caries eventually requiring extraction.

    In certain cases, root canal therapy may be necessary for the restoration of a tooth. Root canal therapy, also called "endodontic therapy", is recommended if the pulp in a tooth dies from infection by decay-causing bacteria or from trauma.

  • Root-canal Therapy
    Endodontic Treatment

    flag UK Root canal therapy, also called "endodontic therapy", is recommended if the pulp in a tooth dies from infection by decay-causing bacteria or from trauma.

    During a root canal, the pulp of the tooth, including the nerve and vascular tissues, is removed along with decayed portions of the tooth.
    The canals are instrumented with endodontic files to clean and shape them, and they are then usually filled with a rubber-like material called gutta percha. The tooth is filled and a crown can be placed. Upon completion of a root canal, the tooth is now non-vital, as it is devoid of any living tissue.
    An extraction can also serve as treatment for dental caries.
    The removal of the decayed tooth is performed if the tooth is too far destroyed from the decay process to effectively restore the tooth.
    Extractions are sometimes considered if the tooth lacks an opposing tooth or will probably cause further problems in the future, as may be the case for wisdom teeth.

  • Post and Core

    flag UK Post and cores divide into two main groups: prefabricated and cast.
    Both of these systems employ a post that is placed within the root canal of the tooth being restored.
    Thus the tooth must first be endodontically treated.
    After the endodontic procedure has been completed, and the root canal(s) is/are filled with the inert gutta percha root canal filling material, some gutta percha is removed from the canal space, usually by a series of endodontic files that prepares and shapes the root canal.
    The space that exists coronal to the remaining gutta percha, called the post space, is now available within which to place a post.
    It is desirable to leave sufficient root filling material in the apical area to maintain an apical seal. This procedure does not even require local anesthesia as the tooth has long been dead after the root canal treatment and no pain is felt.

Which Dental Treatment we offer, Glossary