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  • dental-chart

    A

    abscess
    Acute or chronic localized inflammation, probably with a collection of pus, associated with tissue destruction and, frequently, swelling; usually secondary to infection.
    abutment
    A tooth or implant fixture used as a support for a prosthesis.
    abutment crown
    Artificial crown also serving for the retention or support of a dental prosthesis.
    adhesion
    State in which two surfaces are held together by chemical or physical forces or both with or without the aid of an adhesive. Adhesion is one aspect of bonding.


    alloplastic
    Refers to synthetic material often used for tissue augmentation or replacement.
    alloy
    Compound combining two or more elements having properties not existing in any of the single constituent elements. Sometimes used to refer to amalgam.
    alveolar
    Referring to the bone to which a tooth is attached.
    alveoloplasty
    Surgical procedure for recontouring supporting bone, sometimes in preparation for a prosthesis.


    amalgam
    An alloy used in direct dental restorations. Typically composed of mercury, silver, tin and copper along with other metallic elements added to improve physical and mechanical properties.
    analgesia
    the diminution or elimination of pain. See also the definitions under anesthesia.
    anatomical crown
    That portion of tooth normally covered by, and including, enamel.
    ancillary
    Subordinate or auxiliary to something or someone else; supplementary.


    anesthesia

    - analgesia
    the diminution or elimination of pain.
    - deep sedation
    a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. Patients may require assistance in maintaining a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation may be inadequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained.
    - general anesthesia
    a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function is often impaired. Patients often require assistance in maintaining a patent airway, and positive pressure ventilation may be required because of depressed spontaneous ventilation or drug-induced depression of neuromuscular function. Cardiovascular function may be impaired.
    - local anesthesia
    the elimination of sensation, especially pain, in one part of the body by the topical application or regional injection of a drug.

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